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Historical and Legal Background
The Sultanate of Oman is a central Islamic Monarchy in the Arabic Gulf, having Muscat as its capital. It is composed of four districts, Muscat, Musandam, Sohar and Al Barimi and five areas, the internal, the central, the middle, the eastern and Al Zahira. The Sultanate gained its independence in July 1970 and it was since governed by Sultan (the king) Qaboos.